What is ARFID?
Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder is characterized by:
The following to the point that a person experiences significant weight loss, significant nutritional deficiency, impaired psychosocial functioning, and/or dependence on supplemental nutrition:”
- Lack of interest in eating
- Avoiding food based on sensory characteristics of food
- Concern about negative consequences of eating
- A mental health condition with complex origins
What are the signs and symptoms?
Although one could struggle with many of the above signs and symptoms of ARFID, it can be sometimes difficult to identify when you or someone you love is struggling. Certainly a change in one’s patterns, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors with food, weight and exercise could be a sign of something more serious going on. Due to so many culturally normative values around weight/health ARFID can be difficult to detect. We encourage having a professional that specializes in eating disorders help you or your loved one get clarity on what is really going on. If you would like to get more information on supporting a loved one, see our advice.
What you might not know about ARFID?
- You cannot tell someone is struggling with ARFID by looking at them. Body weight may or may not change due to the eating disorder.
Check your biases!
ARFID can be life-threatening for anyone that is experiencing it, regardless of body size, race, ethnicity, socio-economic status, gender, sexual orientation, age, ability, religion.
Opal's Approach to ARFID Treatment
ARFID is is individualized. We take a holistic approach to treatment that allows for healing to be done in community and in individual sessions. We believe eating disorders develop to serve a function for an individual. Opal’s staff come alongside our clients to better understand those “whys” and find new ways to cope and live life without an eating disorder. We offer three levels of care at our Seattle clinic. Overall, our treatment model includes:
- Individual therapy, nutrition counseling, psychiatry, exercise experientials and family therapy available at the PHP and IOP levels of care.
- Health at Every Size, weight-neutral treatment approach (link to HAES page)
- Non-diet approach to food. Meals and snacks provided offer a wide variety of foods (highly processed, fresh, organic, non-organic, home-cooked, frozen, easy to prepare, etc.)
- Eating at meals and snacks are done with other clients and staff, as a community.
- We believe adequate food intake is a foundational step in recovery.
- Exercise + Sport programming, which addresses exercise bulimia, avoidance, and other exercise concerns
- Radically Open Dialectical Behavioral Therapy as a foundational treatment
- Group therapy including body wisdom group, movement group, self-inquiry, process groups, facing fears and more.
- Teaching/Didactic groups including Radically Open Dialectical Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Exercise + Sport Didactic, Health at Every Size Didactic, etc.
- Virtual treatment also available in the IOP level of care.
- Free, non-clinical lodging for PHP clients to use while in treatment, as space available.
- Outpatient groups